With great trepidation, I discuss this particular subject. I have never heard an audible voice telling me to “go” and I have never had my alphabet cereal spell out a destination for mission work. These are the thoughts that many have when we discuss a “calling” on their life. As if the only real and true “calling” can come from some kind of metaphysical interaction. It hasn’t helped recently that everyone who say’s that they were called by God to do something, has been pegged as a crazy person (think Michelle Bachmann in the 2012 presidential election). So how can mentors tackle this subject? It begins with knowing what a calling entails.
A “calling” [gk. kaleo] is an invitation. An invitation to join a party (Lk. 14.16-25). We are summoned to go on this great quest in trusting God to lead. It is a challenge to follow God wherever he leads: be it your interactions with others (general calling); or your vocation and ministry [from the latin word vocar, meaning “calling”]. It is a request to let God be the one who chooses the direction as we let Him steer. It is a beckoning to discover and enjoy the unknown to us, as God takes us where we need to go. Jesus started off by calling four fishermen, “Come follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.” (Matt. 4.18-22; Mark 1.16-20). The translation: “Come follow me and you will do things you never once imagined.” Jesus was asking them to follow, to go, to journey with him to an existence that was farther beyond their ambitions. Some have been specifically called in Scripture to do specific tasks (which I have written about elsewhere), but what about the men we are mentoring? We too have calls on our lives, they just might not be spelled out.
The Christian has two different calls on their lives. The first is commonly called a general calling. All Christians are called by God to live a certain way. This calling is called a general calling, meaning it was for everybody at all times in every circumstance. We were called to a life lived in relationship with Christ (1 Cor. 1.9); a life of holiness (1 Thes. 4.7; 2 Tim. 1.9); a life of peace (Mark 9.50; Col. 3.15; 1 Cor. 7.15); eternal life (1 Tim. 6.12); sanctification (2 Thes. 2.13-14). Henry Blamires put it best describing a general calling as “the responsibility of all mankind to live as children of God.” In essence it is the call to live out among the rest of mankind the relationship that we enjoy with our heavenly Father. We are to love one another (16 times we are commanded too); be at peace with one another (1 Cor. 7.15; Mark 9.50; Romans 14.19; 1 Thes. 5.13b); encourage each other (Hebrews 3.13; 10.25); speaking truthfully to one another (Eph. 4.25, Col. 3.9); honoring your father and mother, and countless others. The commands, the stipulations that apply to all mankind are our General calling. The Puritans had three levels of calling, and the first two [Abide in communion with Christ, and the common] are those that would be expressed in our general calling.
The second type of call is a specific calling. This call is individual to the Christian. No two specific calls are exactly the same. This call is what we think of when we use the word vocation [the latin word vocare means “calling”]. Our specific calling is “God’s call to man to serve him in a particular sphere of activity.” Your specific calling is the area where God has gifted, placed, and prepared for you to flourish. In this life we were created to thrive, not just survive. Specific calling is the place where God has created us to thrive. Jethani points out that our culture is moving towards this idea of calling.
Younger people today, perhaps more than previous generations, have a strong sense of their specific calling. They believe God has called them into business; the arts, government, the household, education, the media, the social, sector, or health care, and they are often very committed to these venues of cultural engagement. But when their specific callings are never acknowledged by the church, and instead only our common callings or the goal of the institutional church is extolled, the young feel like something important is missing.”
God has placed in you a specific mix of gifting, ability, passion, and desire that is unequaled and unmatched by anyone else on the planet. Our use of these things is part of our worship and service to God. Dallas Willard reminds us that the use of our specific calling is part of our stewardship. Wayne Cordeiro warns that we often get confused about our calling: “It’s easy to get our callings mixed up with our careers…I recall hearing an old saying that still holds true today: ‘Your career is what you’re paid for. Your calling is what you’re made for.’”
At this point I feel it is necessary to interject a brief statement about the equality of all callings. Our culture struggles with what I call the pendulum paradox. Our culture has eliminated the middle ground. The pendulum swings from one extreme to the other. One the one hand, much of the Christian community has made a bigger deal than necessary about the height of the calling to serve in a Church (based in my opinion largely upon a misapplication of James 3.1). When I was in college there was an unwritten hierarchy with located church work at the apex. To work for a church is the only way to make sure that you are doing God’s work. To that Dallas Willard argues:
“it is as great and as difficult a spiritual calling to run the factories and the mines, the banks and the department stores, the schools and government agencies for the Kingdom of God as it is to pastor a church or serve as an evangelist.”
On the other hand, with the rise of bi-vocational ministry, the increase of the parachurch ministry (especially amongst this generation), and the amount of worldview training (helping people understand how their calling fits into the overall picture of God’s redemption of mankind), there is an undercurrent of distrust and disillusionment of located Church ministry. In some areas, Church work has taken a nose-dive as a respected profession. Some believe youth ministry is nothing more than showing up to kids games, playing x-box, and being a paid best friend to a middle school student. Some believe the pastor works only one day a week. The work (if you can call it that) of minister has become a punch-line. In a way of finding the equilibrium position of the pendulum let me argue the equality of callings. The reformation mindset needs to be at the forefront of our thoughts. For years the church instead of being a priesthood, had a priesthood. Luther’s reformation argued for the priesthood of all believers, meaning we all had the responsibility of interceding, and serving the community of mankind for God’s purposes. The youth pastor, the tire maker, the police officer, the stay-at-home mom, or the accountant has all been charged with the purpose of glorifying God and serving others. As Tim Keller reminds us, “All work, according to God’s design, is service. Through work we enrich one another and become more and more interwoven.”
 Blamires, Henry. The Christian Mind (Regent Publishers: Vancouver, 1963) 20.
 Jethani, Sky. “Uncommon Calling” Christianity Today. January 2013. pg. 52
 Willard, Dallas. Spirit of the Disciplines (HarperOne: San Francisco, 1988) 214.
 Cordeiro, Wayne. Jesus: Pure and Simple (Bethany House: Minneapolis, 2012) 39.
 Willard 214
 As one in this profession, I feel that I can be honest and upfront about the issues. I will tell you that it is in part due to sin within the ministry, laziness of pastors, a perceived incompetence within the pastorate, and a weird mix of relatability/unrelatability of those in ministry with the parishioners.
 Keller, Tim. “Vocation: Discerning Your Calling” redeemercitytocity.com
Sometimes colors run together. Like a damp water color, John paints the crucifixion with many colors that converge to make one. His point is “life” and how to gain it, but his colors are numerous.
…one of the soldiers pierced Jesus’s side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe. (John 19.34-35)
Thirty six times in his book, will John use the word zoe, or “life”. For John, life wasn’t just a few more sunsets and it wasn’t just eternal, but a manner of life that can be lived today. In John’s many years and many experiences, he found that life was to be lived all out on this earth. The point of his gospel was to communicate that with his readers. It is fitting that life for us can only come through the death of him (Jesus). So how do we attain “life”?
The formula for John is fairly simple and can be summed up in one word “believe”. Belief and life are inextricably linked. You can’t have one without the other. Within John’s gospel, it is easy to see that with simple glance at the places where “life” and “believe” occur in tandem.
- “…everyone who believes in him may have eternal life” (3.15-16)
- “whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life” (5.24)
- “everyone who looks to the Son and believes in him shall have eternal life” (6.40)
- “he who believes has eternal life” (6.47)
- “He who believes in me will live, even though he dies; and whoever lives and believes in me will never die.” (11.25-26)
- “…by believing you might have life in his name.” (20.31)
The end result of belief, as attested to by John, is life. Only through belief in Jesus does one find life. What is fascinating about John’s book is how he lays out the case for belief. At every major encounter, through all the 7 signs, and the 7 “I am statements” found in the words of Jesus, John is laying out a case for belief. In the purpose statement of the book, found in John 20.30-31, John writes: “I have written these things so that you might believe…” That is not the first time John used that phrase though.
Back one chapter, in John 19, John’s case for belief is solidified. Sure the resurrection was the final argument for Jesus being the Son of God, but what he did for us was proved on that Friday. A resurrection is only a resurrection if he was really dead so John writes:
…one of the soldiers pierced Jesus’s side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe. (John 19.34-35)
Believe in the testimony. Over half the times this word [martureo] is used in the New Testament it is from the pen of John (47 times out of 76 total). Thirty three times it is used in his gospel. Jesus is doing what God sent him today and that work testifies his identity (John 5.36). The miracles he performed (10.25) and the Scriptures (5.39) testify or give witness to who Jesus really is. Do you believe?
Believe in the Truth. At the end of their meeting, Jesus told Pilate: “I testify to the truth.” (18.37). Pilate responded by asking: “what is truth?” Truth is a big word for John. Just over half of the time in the New Testament, when “truth” [alethia] or one of its cognates occur, it is in one of John’s writings (92/183). John is awful preoccupied with truth, what is real, and what is “solid”. Truth, first and foremost, comes from God (John 8.40). Secondly, Jesus is full of it (John 1.14,17; 14.6; 17.3, 17). Truth is embodied in the person of Jesus Christ, which is what John is trying to get through to his readers. Twice in our text, John uses the word. The first time it is of his words (“the testimony is true”) and the second is of the actions of Jesus (“he tells the truth”). One is a nod to the account, the other a nod to the event.
Believe the water. The spear thrust into Jesus side let forth a mixture of blood and water. Nicodemus was told that he needed to be born of the water (3.5). The woman at the well needed living water (4.7-14). In both instances, Jesus was clear, through John’s words, that water was directly connected to life. Belief, testimony, truth, and now water…all seem to connect back to the life John wants us to have. Jesus says it in John 7.38: “Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, streams of living water will flow from within him.” But when Jesus says “water” he doesn’t just mean “water”…sure he means “water” but this is other “water”. The Spirit, who is also connected to truth, will reside within them. This life giving Spirit, also sent from God, and also testifying to Jesus, will well up inside. O how we need more water.
Believe in the Blood. In all of John’s word-smithing, with his deep view of truth, his detailed testimony, his dual-meaning water, and the sheer volume of belief, when he says “blood”, he means it, kind of. John 6 recalls Jesus talking to the crowds beside the lake. He connects himself with the bread that the Lord sent down from heaven. He is the bread of life. The Jews began to argue because they didn’t understand how they could eat his flesh. Understandable. But Jesus replies that the only way to life is by drinking his blood. (6.54) His flesh is “real” [alethia] and his blood is [alethia]. This is the same word for “truth”. Life and truth is found in the blood of Jesus Christ…John did some work on this.
The question remains: Do you believe? Jesus has been talking about belief since the beginning, but here, for the first time, John steps back from the narrative, and interjects the question. It is implied but present.
…one of the soldiers pierced Jesus’s side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe. (John 19.34-35)
Mark’s cross illuminates the identity of Christ.
One of the major questions answered by Mark is: Who is Jesus?
It starts with the opening of the book. “This is the beginning of the Gospel about Jesus Christ, the Son of God.” (Mark 1.1) Mark, the author, knows who Jesus is. With the end in mind, Mark takes the reader on a journey of discovery about the identity of Jesus. Through the next 16 chapters, Mark gives an introduction to the person of Jesus Christ. It is not comprehensive, he leaves that job to others, but it is enough to see who Jesus really is.
The Spiritual World knows who Jesus is. Twice in the book of Mark, God will speak audibly about the identity of Jesus as the Son of God. At his baptism (1.11) and at the transfiguration (9.7), God proclaimed him to be the Son of God. Three times his identity was declared by evil spirits. The first were the spirits inhabiting a man in the synagogue. As Jesus was teaching they cried out, “What do you want with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are–the Holy one of God!” (1.24) The second sounds like a series of encounters. Mark says that every time the spirits saw him during a period of his Galilean ministry, they fell down before him and cried out, “You are the Son of God.” (3.11) The final declaration by demons comes from the legion that took residence in the Gadarenes Demoniac. He fell on his knees before Jesus and the demons spoke out: “What do you want with me, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? Swear to God that you wont torture me!” (5.7) The Spiritual world knew without a doubt who Jesus was and the power he possessed because of his identity.
Humanity is discovering who Jesus is. The verdict is still out on his identity. Whereas Mark knew the ending, and both God and the demons knew the truth, Mark takes the reader, the disciples, and the people on a fast-paced journey of discovery about the real identity of Jesus. Mark shows more of the humanity of Jesus than any other Gospel. Mark also discloses more details about the stories he communicates than any other writer. He is dead set on showing the real person of Jesus and letting us realize in pieces who he is and what he is doing. The journey begins in chapter 4.
The first potential confession begins with the question Mark is getting at. Jesus has been asleep in the boat while the disciples are trying to keep it afloat in a storm. They wake him up as they are about to capsize and ask him to do something. Jesus rouses himself and immediately quiets the storm and the waves with just the words: “Quite! Be still!” (4.39) And from the lips of the disciples comes this question: “Who is this?” (4.41) Is that not the most important question ever offered? Is that not the greatest decision that we will ever have to make? A determination of who Jesus is? Their question comes from the curiosity that “even the wind and the waves obey him!” (4.41) Who is Jesus? A man with power over nature.
The second potential confession comes from his hometown crowd. He has been teaching in the synagogue and the people begin to notice that this isn’t the same Jesus who was running through the narrow streets and playing with the other kids. He has grown up. The problem is meshing the two images: of boy playing in the street with the man-teacher before them. Their amazement leads them to question: “Where did this man get these things? What’s this wisdom that has been given him, that he even does miracles! Isn’t this the carpenters son?…” (6.2-3) Their confusion is rooted in their familiarity with him? Could it be that we sometimes get so comfortable with the Jesus next door that we forget that he is the Jesus who Created the Universe?
Thirdly, Jesus had come to the region of the Decapolis, where people again met him with the physically handicapped. He pulled a deaf and mute man away from the crowd and healed him. The crowd was “overwhelmed with amazement” [ekplesso hyperperissos] at the healing that he performed. Their amazement was put into words and the third potential confession as to the identity of Jesus: “He has done everything well…He even makes the eaf hear and the mute speak.” (7.36) He is more than just a weather changer and more than just a miracle worker; now “he does all things well.” The journey of discovery is continuing.
Peter provides the most intriguing of potential confessions in just the next chapter. Jesus asks his disciples point blank: “Who do people say I am?” (8.27) The disciples can handle this question. They just go through a Who’s Who of leaders in response: Elijah, John the Baptist, some unnamed prophet. But Jesus wants to know about them and their hearts. “Who do you say that I am?” (8.29) Peter, always the first with a response, replies: “You are the Christ.” (8.29) That is God’s Anointed…the Messiah and the one sent by God. A great confession. But the thing is, Cyrus was the Messiah (Isaiah 45.1) but he wasn’t the Son of God. There is a difference between being the Ambassador (the one sent) and the Prince (the Son of the King) and discovery still awaits.
Fifthly, as Jesus is walking towards to Jerusalem, as he enters Jericho, they come across a blind man. Bartimaeus is his name. His occupation was begging. Many passed by him every day without a scene, but on this day, as Jesus approached, he confessed, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!” (10.48) “Son of David” meaning King David of the Old Testament. Jesus has gone from miracle worker to sent one to now King of Israel. Jesus heals him and he begins to follow the kingly parade that would culminate with a title above Jesus head declaring him “King of the Jews.”
Still all these times they missed it. Mark started his book to reaveal Jesus as the Son of God (1.1) and 10 chapters in they are still falling short. That is until a Roman Soldier sees the death of Jesus.
The Centurion knows who Jesus is. He is first mentioned in Mark 15.39 but he has been on the scene for some time. He was in charge of the detail that would ensure the death of Jesus and the two criminals. It was common place in those days, especially for a detachment of soldiers in a backwoods province like Palestine, to perform crucifixions. This man was hardened to the process and had seen it all. But something was different about this one. Mark 15.39 says:
And when the centurion, who stood there in front of Jesus, heard his cry and saw how he died, he said, “Surely this man was the Son of God!”
When he saw “how” he died. That word is puzzling. What made Jesus death so different? Could I posit one of probably many answers? Could it be that Jesus death brought together seamlessly his identity and his purpose? The “how” that the Centurion saw could be a man’s death meeting with a man’s identity and purpose.
Not only has Mark been peeling away at Jesus’ identity, but his purpose has been slowly being revealed through out the book. Look at Jesus own statements:
- “I have come to preach.” (1.38)
- “I have come to call sinners.” (2.17)
- “I have come to suffer.” (9.31)
- “I have come to be betrayed and to suffer.” (10.33-34)
- “I have come to serve and to give my life as a ransom for many.” (10.45)
All of these things, Jesus accomplished on the cross. This was not lost, without a doubt through God’s revelation, on the Centurion. The confession that Mark has been searching for since 1.1, is found when Jesus identity, as the Son of God, and his purpose, “to give his life” are brought together in an instant. That is what caused the centurion to confess, the same thing that we can confess today: “Surely, this was the Son of God.” And that is why it took 15 chapters.
Refracted from the cross, as Luke tells it, is a warm glow of home. Orange would call it the red of home. Others would say it would be the smell of warm pancakes wafting up the stair case of their childhood home; the familiarity of a small town, or the back corner of a coffee shop. Everyone has a place where they just “feel at home”. If Luke had one message as displayed through the cross, it is this: it’s never too late and you are never too far gone to come home.
It is conveyed in his biography. Luke, the Gentile doctor, has always been outsider. His life was a life of exclusion. Then he started traveling with Paul. And things just got worse. Paul was trained as a Pharisee, so he held honor in whatever town he went into, especially a Hellenistic Jewish community. But the trips to Synagogue, his stop in Jerusalem at the temple, and his meals with Jewish families, ended up with Luke again reminded that because of his race, he was too far gone. Still it is Luke that records Simeon’s words at Jesus’ dedication at the temple: “For my eyes have seen your salvation, which you have prepared in the sight of ALL people, a light for revelation to the Gentiles and for glory to your people Israel.” (2.32) It is also easy to see why Cornelius, the centurion and first gentile convert, played such a huge role in Luke’s second volume, the book of Acts. This was a chance for Luke to come home.
It is conveyed by his hero’s. The first people to spread the word about the arrival of Jesus were lowly shepherds who found themselves on the list of the Rabbi’s unclean professions. Matthew brings wise men with gifts; Luke brings dirty old shepherds. When he heals 10 lepers, the only one to return and thank him was the mixed-race Samaritan (17.11ff.). Salvation came to the house of Zacheuss the tax-collector, a traitors man (19) and a widow found her offering praised (21). Everyone in the book of Luke (and Acts for that matter) seems to come with some baggage, an “as-is” sticker as John Ortberg put it. But these people who are broken and crippled and shattered were never too far gone and never too late to go home.
It is conveyed by his parables. Luke has the famous lost chapter of Luke 15 where a sheep, a coin, and two sons need to find their way home. Though the courage of the shepherd, the persistence of a woman, and the mercy and grace of a Father, do they eventually find their way home. Each story builds with it the anxiety and wonder if the characters are going to make it back. “How long will it take?”; “Do they make it?”; “Will the searcher give up?” He also tells the story of a Samaritan man who has mercy on a traveler. The story really begins with the question of “what is the law really about?” (10.25) Jesus asked the question and the the expert of the law answered it correctly. In an effort to skirt the application, the teacher of the law wanted to know “who is my neighbor?” When we start excluding people, it makes loving people easier. Jesus replied with the story. The reason for the story was to show the man how to live; translation: how to get home. A Smaritan made it home, where as a priest and a Levite, missed it.
It is conveyed in the moments before his death. Bursting onto the scene at the crucifixion, a minor character in the story takes on a major role. We know nothing of this man directly. Luke calls him a “criminal” [gk. kakarugos]. Luke uses the word 3 times from Luke 23.32-23.39 and the only other time in scripture that it is used is by Paul in 2 Timothy 2.9, where he recounts that he was chained like a “criminal”. Some things can be found in parallel passages. Matthew calls him a “robber” [lestes] (Mt. 27.38) but he also uses the same word when Jesus asks the crowd that is arresting him: “Am I leading a rebellion?” So the word most likely should be rendered “insurrectionist” or “bandit” if you are the fan of the Old West. Needless to say, this “criminal” was a revolutionary or outlaw. Chances are good that he was probably supposed to die that day beside his leader, Barabbas, whose cross Jesus now occupies. The day began with him hurling insults at Jesus (as recorded by Matthew) but if there is a theme to Luke’s gospel it is: you are never too far gone and its never too late to come home. His fellow criminal is mocking Jesus until he steps in. This is for another time, but there seems to be a connection between these two and the two sons in Luke 15. One is “coming to his senses” and the other is dying in his self righteousness. Needless to say, this is how Luke records the event:
“One of the criminals who hung there hurled insults at him: ‘Aren’t you the Christ? Save yourself and us?’
But the other criminal rebuked him. ‘Don’t you fear God,’ he said, ‘since youa re under the same sentence? We are punished justly, for wear are getting what our deeds deserve. But this man has done nothing wrong.’
Then he said, ‘Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom.’
Jesus answered him, ‘I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise.’ (Luke 23.39-43)
Moments before his death…this man finds home. The gospel about being lost and separate, about homecomings and forgiveness, shows this criminal finding his way home. What brought him home? I can’t say for certain, but as Mark Scott once reminded me: “In the cross, you can see a lot of love in just a few hours.” Was that what brought this man home? Was it Jesus statement, also only found in Luke, “Father, forgive them for they know not what they do?” (Luke 23.34) that brought this criminal home? I can’t be certain. Probably a little of both.
It is comforting that it is never to late and that we are never so lost that we can’t come home.
Like a stained glass window, the cross is one event bathed in multiple colors. The authors of scripture each put their own tint to it. Though they all saw the same thing (or talked to people who had), each added their own flavor to the mix.
Matthew, the Jewish Tax-Collector, colored his with the Kingdom. Subtly so as not to over power the entire event, he mixed in a kingdom story fit for the arrival of a King.
The Ancestral line of the King. It started with the genealogy in chapter 1. The first thing Matthew pens links Jesus to David and every Jew knew the implications that brought. Not only in his words does Matthew connect the two, but in his structure. The genealogy depicts 14 generations from Abraham to David, from David to the Exile, and the Exile to Jesus (1.17). There were more people in those lines, but Matthew was communicating more than just a historical lineage. Hebrew uses letters as numbers as well, so the letters that make up David’s name in Hebrew, D-W-D, also represent the numbers 4-6-4 which equal 14. Matthew was sure to show a Davidic connection to Jesus.
The Visitors of the King. The Magi had come from far off (2.1) following a cosmic event (2.2). It wasn’t uncommon for people to connect the birth of a King with a celestial event in the Ancient Near East. Luke places lowly shepherds at the birth; Matthew has wisemen bringing treasures fit for a King.
The Kingdom of the King. In Jesus first address, he lays out how the Kingdom that he is bringing will run (Matthew 5-7). He is instituting a new way to live. “You have heard it said…but I tell you” is the way he frames his message. Forgiveness, anger, adultery, lust, retribution, love, charity, money, worry, judging…it’s like he is reading my email. The new kingdom is going to an upside down way of living, but it is strangely appealing.
The Power of the King. Jesus can heal the leper (8.1ff), a servant far off (8.5ff.), unnamed multitudes (8.14), demon-possessed men (8.28), a paralytic (9.1ff), a dead girl (9.18ff), a sick woman (9.18ff), the blind and the mute (9.27; 9.32). Oh yeah he can also calm the storm (8.23). His disciples asked the question: “What kind of man is this? Even the wind and the waves obey him!” (8.27) They soon would be imparted with some of the power they witnessed (10.1).
The Arrival of the King’s Kingdom. When his disciples were sent out to preach, they were to take a simple message to the people. No three points and a poem, no alliteration or extended out line, but a simple quote: “The Kingdom of heaven is near” (Matthew 10.7) It isn’t a new message in the book. John proclaimed it in Matthew 3. It was his go to sermon. Jesus preached his first sermon in Matthew on the subject. “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near.” (4.17). Now he gives it to them to proclaim among the people.
The Identity of the King and His Kingdom. The quote from Isaiah opens up the discussion on Jesus true Identity. He is “God’s servant” (12.18) but the verdict of the people is still out on him. Some say he is the Son of David but other’s think he is the prince of demons (12.23-24). They want to see a sign that will show him to be who he really is (12.38ff.) but the King doesn’t have to answer to them. The sign will be there soon enough.
The Pictures of the Kingdom. What will this kingdom be like? Castles and armies and power and fortune? It will be like a harvest, a mustard seed, yeast, a treasure, a pearl, a net, a banquet…its more than you might think. Jesus tells them the parables, the secrets of the kingdom, so that those will willing hearts and hearing ears will understand. It’s like a vineyard, or a forgiving King, or ten waiting women. The stories hit home with some, yet with others, they only cloud the picture of what they thought the Kingdom would be.
Entrance and status in the Kingdom. Only more disheartening to the religious elite than what the kingdom will be, is who will gain entrance. It isn’t the rich young man (19.16) and it isn’t the greatest and best. It is the little children who will enter (19.13) and the ones who labored no matter what time they arrived (20.16). The kingdom belongs to those who’s hearts are ready, not the ones who know the right things to say (21.31). Its the tax collectors and prostitutes…really? The chosen ones (22.14) seem to be the wrong ones…
The Kingdom theme in Matthew’s book is punctuated at the Cross. The color that Matthew shines on the cross is the purple of royalty. Matthew 27.27ff says:
Then the governor’s soldiers took Jesus into the Praetorium and gathered the whole company of soldiers around him. They stripped him and put a scarlet robe on him, and then twisted together a crown of thorns and set it on his head. They put a staff in his right hand and knelt in front of him and mocked him. “Hail, King of the Jews!” they said. They spit on him and took the staff and struck him on the head again and again. After they had mocked him, they took off the robe and put his own clothes on him. Then they led him away to crucify him.
The other gospels record the flogging and the beating that Jesus recieved, but only Matthew frames it in a mock coronation. The others record the robe and the crown of thorns, but only Matthew places a fake staff in his hand.
The soldiers mock the vanquished King. Jesus entered Jerusalem a week earlier as Messiah, the one who would come and deliver his people, and now the same voices are asking for his death. Why? Because the King that we wanted was not the King that we got. Jesus was the King of the Jews, but he wasn’t the type of King that would overthrow the Romans, rule from a throne, or save the people from their subjugation. Instead he would overcome death, rule from heaven, and save the people from their sins. Back in the Old Testament, the Hebrews desperately wanted a king to be like other nations (1 Samuel 8.19-20), but what they didn’t understand was the king they wanted was not the king they needed. How often do we look at the world and think to ourselves “how nice would it be to have that or be that or do that?” Jesus was killed because he wasn’t the King we wanted…but he is all that we ever need.
“The competition’s getting younger
Tougher broncs, you know I can’t recall
The worn out tape of Chris LeDoux, lonely women and bad booze
Seem to be the only friends I’ve left at all” — Garth Brooks, Much too Young
Songs for the road can be hard to come by. Chris Ledoux or King George are a safe bet. My favorite is Casey Donahew or The Brady Wilson Band. Between me, you and a fence post, Kelly Clarkson and Casadee Pope might make an appearance on my play list. Since King David preceded Chris Ledoux by a few years, and tape players, contrary to what many middle school students believe, were still a ways off, he was forced to write his own Songs for the Road.
Of the 14 Psalm titles that give contextual background, 6 of them are found in what I call “the fugitive narrative”. David is on the run from King Saul. He has finally convinced Jonathan that Saul wants him dead and then takes off. Like the “Rodeo Drifter” that Ledoux was, David writes his own songs about life as an outlaw.
Track 1: “The Ride”
“In God I trust; I will not be afraid; what can mortal man do to me?” (Ps. 56) goes the refrain of Psalm 56. David is in Gath, alone (1 Samuel 21.10-15). This is Philistine country, the birthplace of Goliath, and home of the sworn enemies of Israel. The songs of his triumphs have reached the ears of the Philistines as well. David was afraid [hb. yare’] of the King and what would he was capable of, so he pretended to be insane, drooling all over himself and coloring on the walls. While doing so, he wrote the song that is Psalm 56, where 3 times fear is brought up [hb. yare’]. In 3 instances, David sings that trust [hb. batach] will replace his fear. (v. 3, 4, 11) Specifically, David is trusting in the word [hb. dabar] of the Lord. While surrounded by enemies, in a foreign land, the only comfort David can find is in a song about trusting God’s word.
Track 2: “Photo Finish”
David probably thought sleeping in a cave was a thing of the past. Back when he was a shepherd boy it was ritual, but now he was the anointed King. This is where men on the run find themselves, in the dark recesses of the rocks. The prophet would later call it a “stronghold”, which that it was. It was a safe place, but he still felt vulnerable. Sleeping on cold stone will do that too you. But word had spread that he was hiding in the cave of Adullam (1 Sam 22.1-5) so at least he wasn’t alone now. Four hundred had gathered around him. The distressed, indebted, and discontent, flocked to him looking for a leader. There in the paradoxical-vulnerable-stronghold, David would start his song talking of refuge (Psalm 57.1) Refuge [hb. hasah] is spoken of in scripture as being found in 4 places: under trees (Jud. 9.15) and behind God’s shield (2 Sam 22.3, Ps.18.30). The other two are in rocks (Dt. 32.37; Ps. 18.2) and under the protective wings of God (Ruth 2.12). David, here, connects a metaphor and reality. While taking refuge in the rocks (1 Sam. 22), he is taking refuge in the shadow of God’s wings (Ps. 57.1). As he praises and sings this refrain repeats: “Be exalted, O God, above the heavens; let your glory be over all the earth.” (Psalm 57.5, 11) David will remain steadfast and he will continue to praise because of God’s mercy, love, and faithfulness. So God will be glorified all over the earth…even in this cave.
Track 3: “Unrecorded”
Not every song gets a melody. Sometimes the content or message can never be put to music. David just recorded a praise song in the cave, but he left another one dangling in his prayer journal. Psalm 57 was a praise hit, but Psalm 142 is a desperate cry for help. Maybe 142 was a little too heavy to find a melody for, a little too dark for air play. Certainly it didn’t have the upbeat feel that Psalm 57 did. Twice he cries out to the Lord (v. 1, 5). He is still in the cave, still in the refuge of the rocks (5), and crying out to God. Twice he mentions how weary he is (“my spirit grows faint” ; “I am in desperate need” ) and twice how men are after him (3,6). As he looks around, he wonders if anyone cares for his life or that he is confined to a cave (4,7). People do care…400 to be certain. (1 Samuel 22.2) “Then the righteous will gather about me because of your goodness to me.” (Psalm 142.7) He closes his journal and glances at the darkness descending outside the cave, the stronghold that has become his home.
Track 4: “It Ain’t the Years (it’s the miles).”
Following the advice of the prophet Gad, David took flight to the Judean desert. Moses went there to experience leadership and hear a call (Ex. 3); Elijah to think (1 Kings 19.4); Jesus to be tempted (Mark 4). It was in the desert [hb. midbar] where Israel learned to depend on God (Deut 8.2) for the little things and years later it is where David would meet with God in a song he would compose and record as Psalm 63. It depicts his current position and his physical distress comes out in spiritual language. He “thirsts” and “longs” for his Lord. His life is on the line, yet he desires love (3). Satisfaction never comes in a land that is constantly parched, but here he will be satisfied in God (5). In a land often forgotten, David will remember [zakar] the Lord and in a desert of constant peril, David rests in the “shadow of God’s wings” (6). The jackals of the desert that seek David’s life, will feast one day on the flesh of his seekers (9-10). In the wilderness, David understood that the love of his Lord would outlast this life that he lived. Despite the trials and sufferings that this life held, the love of God would outlast all. David’s been on the run for a while now and time doesn’t seem to be changing his position. It’s been a long road, but he knows the love of God still surrounds him.
Track 5: “Hard Years”
While David resided in the Desert of Judah, in the land of the of Ziphites, Saul was exhausting every means to root him out. The Ziphites did his job for him. They went to Saul and told him where David and his now 600 men were hiding. Saul told the Ziphites to keep a close eye on David (1 Samuel 23.19-23). David was “very crafty” [hb. ‘aram] which is a hebrew term that is seldom used in the Old Testament. It indicates that David has “learned a lesson.” David is not ignorant of Saul and his intentions. He knows what is going down. David pens Psalm 54 as Saul is just over the summit of the mountain. The words he uses show his pain: “vindicate” (1); “help” (4); “sustain” (4); “deliver” (7). But the way he uses them indicate his journey. Hebrew poetry is written in couples. Two lines are in relationship. They either negate one antoher, meaning the second line says the opposite of the first. They can build on each other, meaning the second line completes the first. Or they can compliment one another, meaning the second line says the same as the first. In Psalm 54 he uses the last one over and over. Save me and vindicate me, verse 1. God is my help and the Lord sustains me, verse 4. I will sacrifice and I will praise, verse 6. Delivered me from troubles and looked in triumph, verse 7. This song ends well. Sometimes a victory is all we need to change our tune. Certainly, David understood to whom the victory was attributed.
David’s time of running was complimented with songs. Like Ledoux, he wrote from experience, sometimes with tears staining the scrolls. David’s pain (and his triumph) is best communicated through song. But what came about during this fugitive time was more than just a great cd or soundtrack; this was a time of growth, that David would draw deeply from during his rule. A great song will take you back to an instant and experience so sit back and let the soundtrack communicate the wisdom gained during these years…and be thankful for the tune.
“Sit tall in the Saddle,
Hold your head up high.
Let your eyes fix
Where the trail meets the sky.
And live your life
Like you ain’t afraid to die.
Don’t be scared
And enjoy the ride.” —- Chris Ledoux, “The Ride”
I am not a fan of mass production when it comes to making disciples. I think public education is realizing its own mistake in turning public schools into a factory that takes in kids and spits out graduates. Mentoring is a highly personal endeavor and a Mentor helps his disciples FIND and UTILIZE their giftedness. Of all the roles of a mentor and mentee relationship this is perhaps the most specialized and unique. As Dallas Willard says in The Spirit of the Disciplines: “Everyone who has a pastoral role to others, whether as an official minister or not, must strive for a specific understanding of what is happening to those who come regularly under his or her influence and must pay individual attention to their development.” (247) Giftedness comes in two somewhat overlapping areas, the first of which we will explore today.
Spiritual gifts are the “manifestations” phanerosis [1 Cor.12.7; 2 Cor. 4.2]) of the Holy Spirit’s work and power in the life of a Christian in order to build up the people of God. (1 Cor. 12.7; Eph. 4.11-12) They are the evidence, the talents, and the abilities given by the Holy Spirit’s indwelling within the life of a Christian. Every Christian has one, some have multiple, but only Jesus had them all. These abilities are “gifts” (in the sense that they were not earned or achieved) from the Holy Spirit with the express purpose to meet needs. It turns people from an inward focus, to an outward focus, from consumers to distributors.*
The first step is finding their Spiritual Gifts. There are three theories to finding your giftedness: 1) Testing for them is a common way to find and reveal your gifts. Most tests are arranged as a series of questions, which are assigned a numerical value based on how well they describe the person taking the test. There are multiple tests and evaluations that are out there. Most range from 50-100 questions. This method assumes that you are honest with yourself and know yourself well. 2) Another method of finding gifts is what Nike has made its slogan for years: “Just Do it!” The best way to discover something is to try it out and see what fits. If we continually just try the things that we feel gifted at, we may never discover a gift or a passion that has been dormant and unknown. This can at times become frustrating as the pains of trial and error can wear on. This is the “grip it and rip it school” of thought. 3) Or you can point them out! At some point, someone may need to point out a gift that has gone unnoticed. There are times when we are the last one to see the truth. I have a student whom I constantly remind that his gifting is leadership. This student can influence those in her class to do anything. She would and still does argue that she is not a leader, but everybody in the church can see what God has given her. This is where you as a mentor may be able to provide direction, counsel, and illumination for your protégé.
Now that it is understood what spiritual gifts are in the student, it is imperative that they utilizing them. One of the best presents I have ever received was a 20 gauge Remington 870 shot gun. My parents got me the gun for my 12th birthday. The next step was learning how to shoot it. The Spirit freely gives gifts to God’s people, but learning how to utilize those gifts is often overlooked. Dennis Bickers, in his book The Healthy Pastor, make this observation about the Church: “The church seems to be the only institution in the world that still believes it can ask someone to do a job without requiring training for that job…This training should include both theological education and training in practical ministry skills.”^ Training people to use their gifts more efficiently and effectively should take a higher precedent in churches across the nation. If we are to take Paul’s words in Ephesians seriously “It was [God] who gave some to be apostles, some to be prophets, some to be evangelists, and some to be pastors and teachers, to prepare God’s people for works of service, so that the body of Christ may be built up…” then as leaders and churches need to make it a priority to train, to prepare, people for service. Peter reminds his readers, “Each one of you should use whatever gift he has received to serve others faithfully administering God’s grace in its various forms.” (1 Peter 4.10) Mark Moore, my Acts professor at Ozark Christian College, had a tradition of bestowing the name of a character from the book of Acts on every one of his students in class. He would say your name and then tell you what character that he sees you as. With each character he would give background and how they used their giftedness to further God’s kingdom in the book of Acts. If only we as the leaders in the church would follow his lead in challenging our people to use their giftedness.
In order to utilize giftedness, the first thing is that we must know the opportunities. Often times our inability to help people utilize their gifts comes from our own disconnection from the body. Mentors need to keep their ear to ground in order to know the needs opportunities within the body. I have found that high school students are either: a) too busy to find their own ways to use their gifting; or b) not motivated enough to find ways. Not being willing to use their gifts is not the issue, but my job is to disassemble all the barriers that stand in the way of using their gifts. Make an effort to talk to the leaders in the church and know where the needs are. Check with ministry heads and ask them where people have vacant positions. Ask questions, make a volunteer opportunity board in the fellowship hall of your church, post them online, send them out via Facebook. There are many ways to inform your congregation (and your students) off places to utilize their gifts. One creative way I have seen this done is after having taken the giftedness test, a bulletin board full of note cards with their giftedness was posted. Written on the visible side was the gift that was needed to accomplish the task on the backside. For example, one side might read “service” and the other side might read “clean the restrooms once a month at the church”. One might read “encouragement” the other side might read “send a note to each person from your congregation in the hospital”. Knowing the opportunities for implementation of gifts really comes down to communication and organization.
Secondly we can create our own. If your search for vacancies has proved fruitless, get creative in thinking and find an outlet. “Our cultural hero is not the artist or reformer, not the saint or scientist, but the entrepreneur.”** This is the generation that gave us Mark Zuckerberg and Facebook; David Karp and Tumblr; and the Instagram creators Kevin Systrom and Mike Krieger. All entrepreneurs and all under the age of 30. Most were under the age of 23 when they started their ventures. This generation believes in creating the place where they fit. Creating a place (and helping them create a place) for their giftedness to be developed and used takes a venture and vision, which the next generation of leaders can rally around. Start with the gift and rule out nothing.
Finally, connect your disciple with those like-gifted. After exhausting leaders, finding vacancies, and racking the brain to create and outlet for gifting, find someone who is gifted in a like manner and arrange a time for your mentee and them to get together. When I first got to the church where I serve, most of our students were musically inclined. I am very much not. I didn’t know how to relate to them, how to lead them, of to implement their giftedness. The church didn’t really have a great place for them to use their gifts at that time, but our worship leader assembled a youth band. It was his leadership that showed me the necessity of connecting people with similar giftedness to create and to find a place to use the gifts that God has given.
Mentors make it a priority to help their disciples discover their gifts and to put them into practice. Paul reminds Timothy to “fan into flame the gift of God” (2 Timothy 1.6). A simple reminder for Timothy to exercise, to take care of, protect, and implement the gift that God had given him. Paul had called Timothy out in his previous letter, making sure that his gift would not be neglected (1 Timothy 4.14). When is the last time that a leader stepped in a held someone accountable for not using their gifts to the fullest extent? I can’t think of the last conversation I have had as a youth minister, with a student, confronting them on a neglecting of the gifts that God had given them? At a birthday party recently, I watched two young girls (3 and 5) open up every one of their presents. They did not find excitement in the $50 Barbie’s or the $70 All American girl dolls, but it was the 50 cent tissue paper that they enjoyed throwing around the room. If I had brought one of those presents I would have been frustrated knowing that I could saved a ton of money and went with just the tissue paper. How much more does God feel seeing a gifting that he has placed in us go dormant and atrophied from lack of exercise? The role of a Mentor is to help their student to discover their giftedness, by testing, opportunity, and telling them. The next role of the Mentor is to find opportunities for the student to use and implement the Gifts that God has given them. When I coached, I always told the athletes that my job as a coach was to put them in a position to succeed. I’m not going to play the shortest kid on the team as a center, or the slowest person on the soccer team at forward. As a mentor, it is my responsibility to help our students to find areas to serve where their gifts are used and their passions are fed.
*Keller, Tim. “Discerning and Exercising Spiritual Gifts” redeemercitytocity.com
^Bickers, Dennis. The Healthy Pastor (Beacon Hill: Kansas City, 2010) 138.
**Deresiewicz, William. “Generation Sell” Nov. 12, 2011 <http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/13/opinion/sunday/the-entrepreneurial-generation.html>
Patches O’Houlihan had nothing on David. If the 5 D’s could work for David, Patches could make them work in dodgeball.
First things first: learn to dodge. David learned to dodge. Saul hurled his spear at David and David “turned from his face twice”, according to the Hebrew. The NIV renders it “eluded”. The idea is that David learned to evade the spears. Being around spear throwers mandates that we, as targets, must learn to dodge the attacks that come. Often there is little that we can do about the predicaments that we are in and our proximity to spears, so we must learn to stay alive amidst the danger. By learning how to make them miss, we retain our place and remain alive. Sometimes it is the pay, the relationship (familial or something like it), or the commitment, that keeps us from relocating, forcing us to stay within spearing range, but learning how to dodge, keeps us alive.
The second maneuver is to dive away. I played goalkeeper in college. Once you start to dive for a ball, there is no going the other direction. When you are parallel to the ground there is no changing directions. That is why there is no guessing, just reacting. David had to commit to the direction away from spear throwing. The common sense reaction, the way of this world says: “Saul no longer has a spear, and now I have his”, therefore, I grab his spear and throw it back at him. But David knew that once your hand finds comfort on the handle of a spear, it will never find comfort without it again. The move has to be away from the spear and a commitment to never picking one up. Too many spear-throwers begin by picking one up that was originally thrown at them. If we are to be men after God’s heart, then we must commit to not becoming spear throwers ourselves. That means leaving the ones that were aimed originally at us, stuck in the wall, never to be thrown again.
Thirdly, David has to dip into his own soul and remember his identity. If you have ever read the Psalms, David is no stranger to probing the depths of his identity and his relationship with God. In 1 Samuel 18.12-19, David was committed to not letting the spear throwing change him. He remained in closer relationship with the Lord (12), a commander of troops (13-14), a humble servant to Saul (18-19), and a man after the heart of God. How many times does being targeted affect the target? We can become “the victim” and wallow in pity or we can be come the aggressor and start throwing the spears. Some choose to hole up and never trust again and some seek revenge at every opportunity. Some have allowed the incident to take over their every detail of their lives. They save old emails and letter of attack, archive old documents and letters of accusations or lists of people that they wronged…I for one don’t know anything about that (insert sarcastic emoji here). Each document, file, extension, email, voicemail, text, and story became a sharpened point aimed back at the ones I felt were attacking me. I became the very thing that I hated, because I didn’t know how to move on from the spear stuck in the wall. It has taken a lot for me to dip back into what God created me to be and to do.
David learned to duck; keep your head down or lose it. Through all of the turmoil, David continued to serve the man that God had chosen to lead his people (1 Samuel 18.12-16). What is good for David was also good for Saul. A victory for David meant also that the people of Israel, led by Saul, was also victorious. The spear throwers may be elders, pastors, government officials, or bosses, it doesn’t matter, God put them in that position and we are to serve as long as we are under their charge. God’s Word says:
- When the Government throws spears: “Everyone must submit himself to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which God has established. The authorities that exist have been established by God.” (Rom. 13.1)
- When Elders or pastors throw spears, Paul reminds us in his speech to the Ephesian Elders at Miletus: “Keep watch over yourselves and all the flock of which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers…” (Acts 20.28) God picked them and the elders of the church.
- When bosses throw spears: “we are to obey our earthly masters” not as slaves, but as workers who “are working for the Lord and not for men…because it is the Lord Christ that we are serving.” (Col 3.22-24)
We could say the same for parents, friends, family members, other believers, and any other title that we could come up with. We are to learn to duck, to continue to serve those that the Lord has given us to serve.
When we are exhausted because of the first 4 D’s, we move on to the fifth: Dodge (yeah again). But before we get to that, we need to look at the last characteristic of a spear thrower. Verse 29 of 1 Samuel 18 says: “Saul became still more afraid of him [David], and he remained his enemy the rest of his days.” Once spear throwing begins, without God’s intervention and the person’s repentance, it will not end. Saul wasn’t going to stop. David “eluded” him the first time (18.11), and “eluded” him a second time (19.10). This time the Hebrew account uses the word pater. The word is used for a dam that is “breached” in Proverbs 17.14 and being “released” from a job in 2 Chron. 23.8. Essentially it conveys the idea of “breaking for the open”. David was left in 1 Samuel 19.10 with no other option than to make a break for it and run away. First of all, this is not the idea of running in fear or backing away from a fight. That is cowardice. This is David, choosing to honor God, by letting the party established by God, to rule his people. David dodged, to wait for his time and turn, appointed by God, to rule His people. As a target, there will come a time when the only option that is God honoring is to leave. In my experience, I missed multiple opportunities to honor God by leaving. I should have gone to Kearney when I had the opportunity. My spear-throwing career started, because I chose to stay. I had the chance to follow and glorify God, yet I chose to stay and start chucking. To this day, I am appalled at my profession of spear throwing. Nate and Chad told me that things wouldn’t change…I didn’t listen. Will things change for you as the target? I don’t know. But when the time comes, running is not cowardice or abandonment (as I once thought) but a decision to let God be God and his established leadership remain.
Life was simpler when the good guys wore white hats and the bad guys wore black. Every cowboy that walked into a scene was able to be identified immediately by the hat they wore. Wouldn’t life be easier if we could just recognize the good and the bad at a glance.
Actions reflect the man. Saul’s actions would lead to multiple attempts on David’s life. Maybe you have had spears thrown in your direction? Perhaps you were the one throwing them? Chances are, at one time or another, you have been both. It could be that you are living life under the charge of one who is trying to stick you to a wall? Maybe you are the one in charge and wondering if you are in danger of starting to throw spears? The characteristics of a spear thrower can be found in the middle of 1 Samuel 18.
The spear thrower was angry (1 Samuel 18.8). The hebrew word is chara. It is a word that means more than just frustration, or hatred towards someone. Chara is anger ready to act. This type of anger is different for two reasons: (1) It is ready, as it resides just below the surface. Cain was angry (Gen. 4.5) and sin was crouching at his door, ready. Jonah was angry (Jonah 4.1), and it took a mere word from God to bring it out. Like a hedge post that is smoldering, a slight breeze can flare up (chara) into a massive fire. Saul’s anger lived just underneath his skin and not even Jonathan was safe from it (1 Sam 20.30). (2) It acts. Chara makes itself known. When the Lord’s anger is aroused He answers with fire (Num. 11), a plague (Ex. 32.10), a donkey (Num. 22.22), a death (2 Sam. 6.6), and a journey (Num 32.13). Humans answer with a killing (Cain), a beating (Balaam [Num 22.27]), a death wish (Jonah [4.9]), and thrown tablets (Moses [Ex 32.19). For Saul it manifested itself with two spear thrusts (once at David and once at Jonathan [1 Sam 20.30]) Chara always makes itself known. But for what? The first characteristic of a spear thrower is: when they care too much about who gets the credit. What made Saul angry? A simple song declaring that David killed his ten-thousands vs. Saul’s thousands. (1 Samuel 18.7) Have you ever served with, worked with, been related too, or friends with, someone who needed the credit? Their name had to be first, biggest, and brightest? Have you ever needed to be known for your involvement, your name in print, or the praises of men? If you have known or have been, then you know a potential spear thrower!
The spear thrower was galled (1 Samuel 18.8). Literally the hebrew means “saw evil in his eyes” [ra’a b’ayin]. In front of Saul stood a threat to his kingdom. Saul was looking into a future where he would not be the focal point and that really bothered him. “What more can he get but the Kingdom?” Saul wondered to himself. Which brings us to the second characteristic of a spear thrower: When they begin to own something that was never theirs to begin with. Saul had to protect his Kingdom. The pronouns are important. Instead of Saul being charged with the care of God’s people, it became his Kingdom to rule and protect. When it starts being your church, your ministry, your possessions, or your money, as opposed to the ministry you serve, the money God has given, or the things God has blessed you with, you are well on your way to becoming a spear thrower. Saul want to protect his kingdom. David, on the other hand, was “taken” from the pasture to the throne (1 Chronicles 17.7). He was in charge of a Kingdom he never built, in a throne he didn’t own, to do a job he wasn’t worthy of. David knew the true owner and possessor of this Kingdom, Saul though he was it.
The spear-thrower was jealous (1 Samuel 18.9). This is the only time that this word is used in scripture (called a hapex legomena for those that care). Saul “kept a jealous eye” on David. Up to this point David had assuaged Saul with his harp playing, fought battles in his honor and brought victory to his name. He had dined with him and advised him. David was a faithful servant to the King. Now at every dinner Saul had to look cross-eyed across the table at his servant. He double checked everything David did. It takes a conniving person to think everyone is conspiring against them. So Saul kept watch. When they/you start to look at everyone around as a threat, potential usurper, and enemy you’ve got a potential spear thrower on your hands. David knew what Absalom was doing in Hebron (2 Samuel 15.7-9) but refused to look at his son as a threat. The kingdom, after all, belonged to whom God had chosen, therefore, David would not stand in the way. David refused to “keep a jealous eye” towards his son. Saul, however, looked at everyone that way.
Finally, the spear-thrower was afraid (1 Samuel 18.12). Saul’s fear was rooted in two things: 1) the realization that God was with David (v.12) and 2) the success of David made Saul uncomfortable (1 Samuel 18.15). The Hebrew word yare’ [afraid] is supposed to be used in response to God:
- “I was naked and I heard you walking, so I was afraid.” – Adam (Gen. 3)
- “I hid my face because I was too scared to look at God.” – Moses (Ex. 3)
- “Do Job fear you [God] for nothing?” – Satan (Job 1)
It is a word that is meant to be used of men understanding where they stand before a Holy God. For Saul, however, it was a word used to describe his character and his rule. The object of Saul’s fear was not God, but men. Saul was afraid [yare’] of the people (15.24), Goliath (17.11), David (18.12), and the Philistines (28.5). The great leader had become fearful of men. Fear would define him. When the work of God and His people begin to frighten them/you, then you’ve got a potential spear-thrower on your hands. Saul was bothered by God’s chosen servant, David, and God’s chosen direction, movement against the surrounding nations. It can get scary when God’s leaders, start to be afraid of what He is doing and how He is doing it.
All these qualities wrapped Saul’s fingers around a spear and thrust it towards David (1 Sam. 18.11). So what’s your bosses excuse? What is your brother or sister’s excuse? Is a co-worker displaying some of these qualities’? Are you starting to get a “cross-eyed” look from leadership, or a sense of fear from a pastor? What about you? Have you taken census of your own soul? Are you fearing the direction God is going? Are you gripping for something that was never really yours to begin with? Do people alongside you elicit fear every time their name comes up? Do you need your name in lights or a mention on facebook or a shout out in a captioned photo? Where is your heart as your serving? Hoping a picture will get leaked somewhere?
But what happens when you’re the target?
The inspiration for this study came from a fantastic book by Gene Edwards called “A Tale of Three Kings”